Audrey and I have a stable of 16 small boats, and we often need to move them off and on trailers for maintenance and repairs. Audrey has a background in theater-set construction where the crews avoided lifting anything when a lever, dolly, line, or block-and-tackle would do, and after watching me struggle while moving boats, she designed a simple sling lift to reduce wear on me as well as the boats.
The lift’s two slings are made up of items from our hardware and rigging boxes: two retired 25′, 5⁄16″ mainsheets; an eye-strap for the end of each line; two blocks; and two cleats. We have a pergola that provides a suitable structure for the lift, but slings can also be easily installed on shed rafters, garage joists, or a free-standing, purpose-built frame. Our pergola’s 2×6 beams easily bear the weight of our boats; our previous sling lift was hung from 2×4s and they, too, were strong enough.
The slings provide a bit of mechanical advantage—the boat itself is the moving block of a gun tackle system—and to date we’ve used the lift to hoist boats up to 200 lbs, but it could lift heavier boats. We attached the hardware with marine-grade screws or bolts, because our lift is exposed to the weather, and spaced the two slings about 8′ apart. This setup works for all of our boats, which range in length from 12′ to 14′.
To lift a boat, we slip a sling under each end. The well-worn mainsheets’ soft braided covers were easy on the hands when they were used for sailing and are just as gentle on varnished or painted wood. We avoided using hard braided line or coarse twisted line, which could leave scars. We’ll use padding if we think even our soft mainsheets might mar a fine finish or paint that is not fully cured. We use old bath towels and pool noodles for padding; pipe insulation would work, too.
I can use one sling at a time to move boats up and down by myself, but when Audrey and I team up, we still lift a boat off its trailer one end at a time, because it reduces the effort required. After lifting an end, one of us cleats off the line and then we do the lift with the other sling on the other end. The boat will roll as the sling raises it, which is useful if there’s work to be done on the bottom and we intend to flip the boat over. If the boat is to remain upright, we cleat both slings and lift the low gunwale to bring the boat back to level or tipped beyond level in anticipation of another lift. Once a boat is hoisted, it is a simple matter to gently roll it in the sling to work on the bottom.
With our 16 boats, six trailers, and six dollies, we use our sling lift whether getting a boat off its trailer to gain easier access to it while working on the bottom, or shifting boats between trailers.
Audrey (aka Skipper) and (aka Clark) Kent Lewis blog about their boat shuffling at Small Boat Restoration.
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